Anesthesia and Patient Monitoring
Animal and Bird Veterinary Medical Center provides anesthesia and patient monitoring for all patients who are scheduled for surgery. Anesthesia is necessary to help manage pain and make your pet as comfortable as possible before, during, and after the surgical procedure. Every patient's heart rate, blood pressure, blood-oxygen level, respiratory carbon dioxide level, and body temperature is monitored closely during anesthesia. Every pet scheduled for surgery is given pre-anesthetic blood work to check for abnormalities. The blood work will check for liver function and your pet's ability to process anesthesia. Although the risk of an anesthetic death in a normal healthy pet is very rare, our monitoring devices and procedures allow us to respond to an anesthetic emergency faster.
Have a written list of questions you may have regarding your pet. Our staff will gladly do our best to answer your questions and calm your concerns.
Local anesthesia is a form of pain management that causes a loss of sensation to a ‘local’ area of their body. This is best suited for certain surgical or diagnostic procedures such as biopsies or small lacerations. A biopsy is a common diagnostic procedure that involves surgical removal of a small portion of tissue. Additionally, local anesthetics can be injected into a incision to help reduce post operative pain.
Sedation is often used to perform diagnostic tests or in conjunction with local anesthesia to perform minor surgical procedures. Sedation is also recommended to avoid stress and to calm your pet while being examined. Usually your pet will remain awake or may "sleep" but is easily aroused when stimulated. Sedation is also beneficial for animals during travel, thunderstorms, fireworks, etc. Sedation and tranquilization are not without risk and each animal should be assessed prior to dispensing these medicines.
Patient monitoring during general anesthesia varies among clinics. At VMC our patients are monitored using Bionet BM3 machines. These state of the art monitors measure and display body temperature, blood pressure, respiratory rate, heart rate and the amount of oxygen reaching the body's tissue. These monitors are routinely used for anesthetized patients undergoing surgery, recovering patients, sedated patients and convalescing patients. These devices allow the veterinarians and staff to visualize in real time what is happening inside the patients body. The appropriate treatment can then be tailored to the individual patient.
Pre-anesthetic blood work is strongly recommended for all patients and is required on some patients due to age and breed. Typically pre-anesthetic tests include blood test, urinalysis and X-Rays. This will help our veterinarians determine if your pet is a good candidate for the operation. The blood work will check for liver function and your pet's ability to process anesthesia. Pre-anesthetic testing allows the veterinarian to modify the anesthetic procedure according to your pet's results.
General anesthetics are used for procedures that require your pet to have a total loss of consciousness and sensation throughout the body. Once your pet is anesthetized a breathing tube called an endotracheal tube is inserted in the trachea so gas anesthesia can maintain the required level of unconsciousness to perform the procedure.
The choice of general anesthetics as well as patient monitoring can vary between clinics. As in all medicine the safest and best anesthetic protocols are often the most expensive. At VMC we use only the best protocols to maintain preoperative pain and/or stress, operative anesthesia and post operative pain and stress.
If your pet is scheduled for a surigical or an anesthetic procedure tell us if your pet has accidentally had food after 10 pm the night before. We would rather re-schedule your appointment than have your pet endangered by being anesthetized or sedated with a full stomach.
The Benefits of Pre-anesthetic Testing
- Identify abnormalities:The laboratory data that is collected from pre-anesthetic testing can help identify underlying abnormalities. This is important when pets do not show clinical signs or do not have obvious abnormalities during the physical exam.
- Modify anesthetic protocols:With complete pre-anesthetic testing, we gain greater insight into the health status of you pet at the time of surgery. That way, the doctor can modify procedures & protocols to ensure a safe surgical event and rapid recovery.
- Establish baseline data:Pre-anesthetic testing gives us a minimum database of diagnostic baseline information specific to your pet, which improves our ability to identify developing problems during future visits.
We do understand that there is an additional financial obligation to having these tests performed. If finances do not allow you to have these tests performed, that is understandable. The doctors & staff want you to know that these tests are available for your pet and they help us to provide the best care for your pet.